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Here is why your hip still hurts

Does your hip hurt with every step you make? Do you pain on prolonged sitting and eventually numbness on your leg? You can’t roll over in bed or lie on you sides due to pain? Your groin and buttocks also hurt?

Hip pain is a common complaint that can present differently depending on the cause. The precise location of your hip pain can provide valuable clues about the underlying cause. Problems within the hip joint tend to result in pain on the inside or outside the hip, your groin, upper thigh, outer buttock or even the lower back. The pain can be worsened by activities like sitting, sleeping, walking and running.

Hip pain can be temporary or long standing.

Causes of hip pain.

  1. Piriformis syndrome

 The piriformis muscle is a flat, band-like muscle located in the buttocks near the top of the hip joint. This muscle stabilizes the hip joint, lifts and rotates the thigh away from the body. Tension on the muscle can irritate a nerve and cause hip pain.

Signs and symptoms

  • Numbness and tingling in the buttocks that may extend down the leg.
  • Tenderness of the muscles in the buttocks.
  • Pain while sitting that gets worse the longer you sit.
  • Pain in the buttocks and legs that worsens with activity.

Treatment

Anyone with pirifomis syndrome will benefit from physiotherapy where they will help in releasing the tension on the piriformis and will give you effective stretching exercises.

  1. Pelvic instability.

The pelvic comprises of three bone segments. The left pelvic half, the right pelvic half and the sacrum.

The pelvic halves are connected to each other along the front of the body forming a circular shape called the pelvic ring which is held together by ligaments. Since the ring is formed by various bone segment and joint, any instability in the joint can cause problems, which is called pelvic instability.

 If ligaments are injured or overstretched, the pelvis loses its stability and begins to move excessively with physical activities.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Pain on the lower back, the thigh, hip, groin or the pubic bone.
  • Fatigue.
  • Problem with activities such as walking, going up and down stairs, rolling over in bed, prolonged sitting and running.
  • More pain when moving after prolonged period of inactivity.
  • Pain increases after a day with activity.
  • Inability to stand on one leg.

Treatment

Physical therapist will help you strengthen the ligaments, the surrounding muscles and stabilizing the pelvic. They will also give you (stabilization) exercises to perform at home.

  1. Tight iliopsoas

 Iliopsoas refers to the joined psoas and the iliacus muscles. The iliopsoas joins to the thigh bone around the groin.

Iliopsoas muscle helps one bend the hip (hip flexion) beyond 90-degree angle.

Tight iliopsoas muscle cause hip and low back pain because they pull the hip forward, causing the low back to extend unnaturally.

Signs and symptoms.

  • Pain when trying to stand in a fully upright posture or standing from sitting.
  • Pain in the buttocks.
  • Radiation of pain down the leg.
  • Groin pain.
  • Pelvic pain.
  • Limping or shuffling stride when you walk.

Treatment

Physical therapy will help in releasing tension manually, stretching and strengthening the iliopsoas and all the hip flexors.

  1. Arthritis.

 Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are among the most common causes of hip pain, especially in older adults or people with history of injury. Arthritis leads to inflammation of the hip joint and the breakdown of the cartilage that cushions your hip bones. People with arthritis also feel stiffness and have reduced range of motion in the hip.

  1.  Iliotibial band (ITB) tendinitis

The iliotibial band is the thick span of tissue that runs from the outer rim of your pelvis to the outside of your knee.

ITB can easily become inflamed if you overuse it or participate in strenuous activities. This is the most common causes of tendinitis at the hip joint, especially in runners.

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